History's Heroes Nelson Mandela's Fight for Freedom

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Nelson Mandela, a renowned hero in history, fought bravely against South Africa's oppressive apartheid laws. Born on July 18, 1918, Mandela faced challenges early in his education. Expelled from the University of Fort Hare for participating in a student protest, he later pursued law in Soweto, establishing the country's first Black law firm.

In 1948, apartheid became law, enforcing racial segregation. Mandela, part of the African National Congress (ANC), strongly opposed this injustice. Initially advocating peaceful protest, Mandela later believed armed resistance was necessary.

In 1962, Mandela sought military training in Ethiopia, leading to his arrest upon return. Sentenced to life in 1964, his trial included a powerful four-hour speech against apartheid. Mandela gained global support during his imprisonment, prompting his release in 1990.

Collaborating with President F.W. de Klerk, Mandela worked towards ending apartheid, receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. In 1994, he made history as South Africa's first Black president, following a democratic election. Mandela's legacy endures, as he passed away on December 5, 2013, at the age of 95.


1- What led to Mandela's expulsion from the University of Fort Hare?

2- Why did Mandela go to Ethiopia in 1962?

3- When did Mandela become South Africa's first Black president?


You have completed the comprehension questions. 

Parts of this lesson are based on: An article by Engoo Daily News.