History's Heroes Nelson Mandela's Fight for Freedom

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Nelson Mandela's indomitable spirit and commitment to justice made him a pivotal figure in the struggle against South Africa's apartheid regime. Born on July 18, 1918, Mandela's early activism began at the University of Fort Hare, where he faced expulsion for participating in a student protest against racial inequality.

Relocating to Soweto in 1941, Mandela continued his legal studies and established the nation's inaugural Black law firm. His involvement with the African National Congress (ANC) intensified, reflecting a growing resistance to the systemic discrimination instituted by apartheid in 1948.

While initially advocating non-violent means, Mandela's perception evolved, and he sought military training in Ethiopia in 1962. His return led to arrest and a life sentence in 1964. It was claimed that his actions may trigger violence. Despite imprisonment, Mandela's impassioned four-hour trial speech resonated globally, garnering widespread support.

Released in 1990, Mandela collaborated with President F.W. de Klerk to dismantle apartheid, earning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. In 1994, he triumphed as South Africa's first democratically elected Black president. Mandela's legacy transcends his presidency, symbolizing the triumph of justice over oppression. His passing on December 5, 2013, marked the end of an era, but his impact endures as a beacon of resilience and hope.


1- What did Mandela advocate initially in the fight against apartheid?

2- What significant event occurred in 1948 regarding apartheid?

3- Why was Mandela arrested upon his return from Ethiopia in 1962?


You have completed the comprehension questions. 

Parts of this lesson are based on: An article by Engoo Daily News.