Why Saffron Is One of the World's Most Expensive Spices

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Saffron, a prized spice utilized in global culinary traditions and valued for its aromatic qualities, stands out as one of the world's most expensive spices, commanding a price tag of up to $3,000 per kilogram, as reported by Business Insider. The exclusivity and costliness of saffron can be attributed to a combination of factors, chiefly its limited geographic cultivation.

Derived from the purple flower Crocus sativus, saffron threads form the core of the spice. The meticulous process of harvesting these delicate threads involves manual labor due to their susceptibility to damage. With only three threads per flower, the arduous harvesting process demands staggering quantities, with up to 150,000 flowers potentially required to produce a single kilogram of saffron.

Saffron's historical significance extends beyond its culinary use. In the 14th century, the spice played a central role in the "Saffron War," a three-month conflict sparked by tensions between wealthy saffron merchants and the discontented aristocracy. This historical context adds a layer of intrigue to saffron's reputation as a spice that has not only delighted palates but also influenced geopolitical events.


1- What is the price range of saffron per kilogram?

2- How many flowers might be needed to obtain one kilogram of saffron?

3- What was the cause of the tensions leading to the "Saffron War"?


You have completed the comprehension questions. 

Parts of this lesson are based on: An article by Engoo Daily News.